What Difference Does It Make?

A few days ago, Retraction Watch published the top ten most-cited retracted papers. I saw this post with a bar chart to visualise these citations. It didn’t quite capture what the effect (if any) a retraction has on citations. I thought I’d quickly plot this out for the number one article on the list.


The plot is pretty depressing. The retraction has no effect on citations. Note that the retraction notice has racked up 125 citations, which could mean that at least some of the ~1000 citations to the original article that came after the retraction, acknowledge the fact that the article has been pulled.

The post title is taken from “What Difference Does it Make?” by The Smiths from ‘The Smiths’ and ‘Hatful of Hollow’